WHAT IS A TERRORIST
terrorist attack is a surprise attack involving the deliberate use of violence
against civilians in the hope of attaining political or religious aims.
WHAT ARE CHEMICAL
Man-made agents (in gas or liquid form) which attacks the body’s nerves, blood,
skin or lungs causing symptoms such as vomiting, blistering, loss of bodily
control and in some cases death. A chemical attack can affect the contaminated
area for several minutes or several days (depending on factors like the
concentration of the agent, whether the attack is indoors or outdoors and the
WHAT ARE BIOLOGICAL
Harmful biological agents (such as a pathogenic microorganism or a neurotoxin)
used as a weapon to cause death or disease usually on a large scale. Examples
include a pathogenic attack which is capable of causing disease and neurotoxins
which are an equally dangerous poisonous complex of protein that acts on the
WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A
How To Recognize Terrorist Attacks
RECOGNIZING A CHEMICAL
There are some fairly obvious indications that a chemical attack may be taking
place. You may notice a strange smell in the air. You may notice people
suffering from some of the symptoms of an attack (coughing, choking, gasping
for air, suffering from pain in the eyes, falling unconscious, convulsing,
etc.). You may start to suffer from some of these symptoms yourself. It may
seem to be getting dark. You may notice a cloud of gas, hear an explosion, spot
a crop duster where it shouldn't be, or something else unusual. You will hear
about the attack via radio, TV or warning sirens.
Depending on the nature of the biological attack, there's every chance that you
will not notice anything unusual. If the attack is with anthrax (which doesn't
transmit from person to person), then you may notice unusual activity like
those described above. However, if the attack involves spreading a contagious
disease, then the terrorists will probably use a subtle approach (like putting
it in a water supply or simply releasing it quietly among the general
population). In this scenario, it will probably be days or weeks later - when
more and more people start to suffer the initial symptoms of the attack -
before you realize that it happened. At this point it will be difficult to
determine if you've been affected.
If you've any reason
to suspect that you've been subject to a biological attack, follow the basic
procedures described later in this book and seek immediate medical attention.
Call your doctor or local hospital before visiting. This will prevent you
spreading the disease to others - especially important medical staff. Follow
whatever advice they give you on how to proceed.
Note: If you know that
an attack has happened in your region, be on the lookout for flu-like symptoms.
If you suffer these symptoms, call your doctor or local hospital immediately.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR A
CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL ATTACK:
The worst-case scenario for a chemical or biological attack could be a
situation where there is extensive spread of a contagious disease (that medical
authorities aren't able to effectively treat) and where the continued spread of
the disease is difficult to halt. In this case, you may find yourself confined
to a secure shelter (either at home or elsewhere), avoiding all outside human
contact until the 'all clear' is given.
Depending on the
nature of the situation, this could be a question of days, weeks or - in an
extreme, but unlikely, case - even months. To prepare yourself and your family
for this type of situation, there are a number of steps you can take. By taking
these steps now, you can ensure that yourself and your family can survive an
extended crisis - even in the event of scarce access to water, food,
communications, electricity, medical help, and so on.
Think about the places
where your family spends time: school, work and other places you frequent. Ask
about their emergency plans. Find out how they will communicate with families
during an emergency. If they do not have an emergency plan, consider helping